Visceral Preadipocytes

Metabolic disease is associated more closely with the accumulation of abdominal adipose in specific visceral depots. Recent studies have implicated omental and mesenteric adipose tissue in obesity-related insulin resistance, atherosclerosis, and type 2 diabetes. To provide the most relevant systems for investigating obesity-related morbidities, we offer visceral derived human preadipocytes and cultured adipocytes.

Preadipocytes are isolated from omental, mesenteric, or perirenal adipose tissue and are tested for their ability to differentiate in culture to mature adipocytes. 

Most cells are derived from obese non-diabetic patients (BMI>30), but there are limited quantities of preadipocytes and adipocytes from patients of BMI <27 as well as some lots of cells available from diabetic patients. Lots derived from multiple patients are also available as Pooled- or Super-lots.

There are limited quantities of donor matched omental and subcutaneous preadipocytes or cultured adipocytes for studies comparing the two depots.

Browse our on-line catalogue to see the complete list of Human Visceral Preadipocytes.

Omental adipose

The greater omentum is the largest peritoneal fold within the abdomen and has an immunologic function. The omentum aids in isolating peritoneal infection and absorbing contaminants through the mesothelial stomata. Adipokines and fatty acids from this depot have direct access to the liver through the portal circulation which may lead to hepatic dysfunction.

Mesenteric adipose

Mesenteric adipose lies within the thin layers of the peritoneal mesothelium connecting the small and large intestine. Adipose accumulation within this depot correlates with an increased risk of metabolic disease.

Perirenal adipose

Perirenal adipose resides near the kidneys outside the peritoneal cavity. Fat from this depot has not been correlated with increased risk for metabolic disease.